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M2 Science

Final Exam Study Guide


Exam Format: Your final exam will consist of two parts:

Part 1: The first part will have short answer questions testing your understanding of all the content you have studied this year (summarized below). This will be marked using Criteria C- Understanding and Knowledge (including your understanding of scientific inquiry and data processing).

Part 2:  In the second part of the exam you will be presented with a global issue and asked to assess it according to Criteria A- One World. 



Main Objectives

Heat on the Move

  • Heat can travel by conduction, convection, and radiation
  • Describe how heat is responsible for phase changes.
  • Differentiate between conductors and insulators and give examples of each.
  • Differentiate between heat and temperature.

The Senses

  • Explain the structure of the eye, ear, tongue, and nervous system
  • Know the types of energy transformations involved in the senses
  •  Explain what light and sound are, how they are produced, and how they travel

Hydrogen, Metals, Acids and Alkalis

  • Matter is classified according to similar properties
  • The properties of matter determine how it is used
  • Describe the law of conservation of matter
  • Identify and differentiate between physical and chemical  changes
  • Identify physical and chemical properties of hydrogen, metals, acids, & alkalis

The Earth

  • The internal structure of the Earth
  • Plate tectonics
  • Types of rocks and the rock cycle

Scientific Inquiry

  • Define the aim of an experiment
  • Identify independent, dependent, and controlled variables
  • Write a hypothesis
  • Design a method to carry out an experiment

Data Processing

  • Process experimental data correctly
  • Correctly present data in tables and graphs
  • Draw conclusions based on correct interpretation of the data collected
  • Describe the reliability of the data





EYE DISSECTION AS PART OF THE UNIT 'THE SENSES':  If you are squeamish and don't want to perform an EYE Dissection, then you can see how it is done by visiting:

The senses quiz can be found HERE


Topics to be covered during M2

 Term 1

Safety & Exp method

Heat on the Move

The Senses

 Term 2

Hydrogen, Metals, Acids and Alkalis

The Earth


 Term 3

Keeping the Body Working

Science Fair







Safety and the Experimental Method

Student Learning Outcomes – at the end of this unit, students should be able to: 

Recall the safety rules from M1 

Understand the meaning of a range of various safety signs found in the environment and what to do in the event of spilage. 

Understand the meaning of vehicle warning labels and what to in the event of an accident. 

Understand the meaning of experimental terms such as dependent and independent variable. 

Carry out a detailed consumer investigation, ad present their findings.


Heat on the Move

Student Learning Outcomes – at the end of this unit, students should be able to:

 Appreciate that heat can travel by conduction, convection and radiation

Understand how heat travels in solids, liquids, gases and a vacuum

Describe conduction in terms of the vibration of particles

Know that metals are good conductors of heat

Describe convection in terms of the movement of particles

Understand the role of convection in the atmosphere (water cycle, monsoons, ocean currents)

Compare heat radiation with visible light

Know that this is the only form of heat transfer through a vacuum

Appreciate what causes changes of states of matter.

Understand why phase changes occur at constant temperaure.


The Senses

Student Learning Outcomes – at the end of this unit, students should be able to:

 Recognise the 5 senses

Realise that the umbra and penumbra of a solar eclipse are due to light travelling in a straight line’.

Build a pinhole camera.

Know how the eye works and its main components.

Know how the ear works and its main components.

Appreciate sound as Vibrations.

Understand the terms frequency, pitch.

Understand how sensory nerves in skin produce sensations

Differentiate between Learnt & Reflex reactions

Appreciate the evidence for and against a 6th sense.